Risk Factors of Alcohol Problem Drinking Among Female Bar/Hotel Workers in Moshi, Tanzania: A Multi-level Analysis.

Ao,T.T.; Sam,N.; Kiwelu,I.; Mahal,A.; Subramanian,S.V.; Wyshak,G.; Kapiga,S. AIDS Behav. 2010 Nov 17
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There is limited information on alcohol problem drinking, which has been associated with sexually transmitted infections (STIs), including HIV, among female bar/hotel workers in Africa. This paper aimed to identify the individual- and facility-level determinants of alcohol problem drinking in this setting. Problem drinking was defined based on the CAGE alcohol screening scale. Multi-level logistic regression was used to identify individual- and facility-level factors associated with problem drinking. About 37.3% of women (N = 1629) were classified as having probable or definite problem drinking. In multi-level analysis, main characteristics associated with problem drinking included: having 3-4 partners in the past 5 years compared to having 1-2, used a condom in the last sex comparing to non-use, history of transactional sex, having more pregnancies, and facilities whose employees do not live on the premises. Interventions which combine alcohol and sexual risk reduction counseling are urgently needed in this population