Factors Associated and Management of Functional Failure after External Dacryocystorhinostomy at Zonal Tertiary Hospital

Daniel Mashamba 1*, Edwin Musheiguza 1 and William Makupa1,2
Publication year: 

Aims: To determine factors associated and management of functional failure after Dacryocystorhinostomy among patients attending the eye department at KCMC hospital MoshiKilimanjaro, from January 2007 to July 2018. Study

Design: A retrospective cross-section hospital-based study.Place and Duration of Study: Conducted at Eye Department Kilimanjaro Christian Medical CentreHospital, between August 2018 and August 2019.

Methodology: We recruited 184 patients who underwent external DCR surgery from January 2007to July 2018. The analysis was done using STATA version 14. Chi-square was used to establish the difference in proportions across groups, multivariable logistic regression models were used to determine the associated factors for functional failure. The 95% confidence intervals wereconstructed; associations were considered to be statistically significant when a P-value was lessthan 0.05.

Results: Out of 184 external DCR done, 37 (20.1%) had functional failure, 174 (94.6%) attainedanatomical success while147 (79.9%) attained functional success. Fifty-one (27.4%) of cases hada primary function failure, of this 50% was managed by probing and irrigation. Functional failurewas associated with postoperative complications (AOR=10.58 (95% CI: 2.24 - 49.88).

Conclusion: Functional failure after external Dacryocystorhinostomy was 20.1%, the anatomicalsuccess of external DCR was 94.6% and functional success was 79.9% in our study. The strongestassociated factors for functional failure were a post-operative complication and increased age.Therefore, careful post-operative follow-up after DCR procedure should be emphasized to lacrimalsurgeons. On the other hand, external DCR remains the surgical management options with goodsuccess.