Anaemia in Pregnancy: Prevalence, Risk Factors, and Adverse Perinatal Outcomes in Northern Tanzania

Grace Stephen, Melina Mgongo, Tamara Hussein Hashim, Johnson Katanga, Babill Stray-Pedersen, and Sia Emmanueli Msuya
Publication year: 

Background and Objective.

Anaemia in pregnancy is a public health problem in developing countries.Tis study aimed to determine the prevalence, risk factors, and adverse perinatal outcomes of anaemia among pregnant women in Moshi Municipal, Northern Tanzania.


Tis was a follow-up study conducted from October 2013 to June 2015. A total of 539 pregnant women were enrolled in this study. Interviews were conducted followed by determination of haemoglobin level. Women were followed up at delivery and at 7 days and 28 days afer delivery.


A total of 529 women were included in this analysis. Teir mean age was 25.8 (SD 5.73). Te prevalence of anaemia was 18.0% and 2% had severe anaemia. Te clinic of recruitment and low education level of the women were the factors that were independently associated with anaemia during pregnancy. At delivery, there were 10 stillbirths, 16 low birth weight (LBW) newborns, and 2 preterm birth cases. No association was found between anaemia and LBW, preterm birth, or stillbirths.


Anaemia in pregnancy was a mild public health problem in the study setting of Northern Tanzania.