A case of computed tomography diagnosis of truncus arteriosus type IV

Abid M Sadiq, Adnan M Sadiq
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Persistent truncus arteriosus is a rare congenital heart disease with four variants, and the last being the rarest. The prognosis without surgical intervention is poor. In such cases, an echocardiography is not sufficient hence computed tomography (CT) imaging is required. We report a 26-year-old female with difficulty in breathing since childhood with cyanosis. Her echocardiography showed a ventricular septal defect (VSD) and the CT showed a single arterial trunk overriding the interventricular septum with a VSD, and the descending aorta giving rise to the pulmonary arteries suggestive of pseudo truncus, known as truncus arteriosus type IV.