Outcome of Acute Peritoneal Dialysis in Northern Tanzania

Kajiru Gad Kilonzo, Sudakshina Ghosh, Siya Anaeli Temu, Venance Maro, John Callegari, Mary Carter, Garry Handelman, Fredric O. Finkelstein, Nathan Levin and Karen Yeates
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Data on the burden of acute kidney injury (AKI) in resource-poor countries such as Tanzania are minimal because of a lack of nephrology services and an inability to recognize and diagnose AKI with any certainty. In the few published studies, high morbidity and mortality are reported. Improved nephrology care and dialysis may lower the mortality from AKI in these settings. Hemodialysis is expensive and technically challenging in resource-limited settings. The technical simplicity of peritoneal dialysis and the potential to reduce costs if consumables can be made locally, present an opportunity to establish cost-effective programs for managing AKI. Here, we document patient outcomes in a pilot peritoneal dialysis program established in 2009 at a referral hospital in Northern Tanzania.